The Liturgy is the celebration of the Holy Eucharist.
The Syriac orthodox church has more than eighty liturgies. The liturgy of St. James is the original Eucharistic service used by the original church in Jerusalem.
The Eucharist was instituted by Jesus Christ Himself at the Last Supper when our Lord took bread and a cup of wine, blessed them and gave them to His Disciples, saying “Do this in remembrance of Me” (Luke 22:19)
The Syriac word for the Eucharistic Liturgy is “qurbono” meaning sacrifice. The Holy Fathers of the Syrian Church often refer to the Liturgy as the “rozae qadeeshae” meaning The Holy Mysteries signifying the profound mystery of the bread and wine becoming the Body and blood of our Lord in a manner not comprehensible to the external human senses.
The Liturgy of St. James as used today in the Syrian Orthodox Church consist of two basic parts, the Order of Offering and the Anaphora proper. The Order of Offering is composed of the Liturgy of Preparation and the Liturgy of the Word and concludes with the Creed. The Anaphora opens with the Prayer of the Kiss of Peace, directed to God the Father, and includes the Blessing of the Bread and Wine, the Anamnesis, Invocation of the Holy Spirit, the six Prayers of Intercession, the Prayer of Fraction and Commixture, the Lord’s prayer, the Great Elevation, the Communion, Prayer of Thanksgiving, Dismissal of the Faithful and the Post Communion Prayers.
The information above was extracted from an essay entitled “The Eucharistic Liturgy of the Syrian Orthodox church” . Written by very Rev. Father John Meno